Parts of SpeechLinks and learning materials covering parts of speech in English
Parts of speech is the term used for the basic categories of words in a language. In English, the eight primary parts of speech are nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. Other subcategories include articles and determiners.
Parts of Speech: Brief Definitions
The terms defined below are the eight primary parts of speech, along with articles. For a more comprehensive list of grammar terms, see the Grammar and Usage main page.
adjective: a word that modifies a noun or pronoun
adverb: a word that modifies a verb, adjective, or other adverb
article: a type of adjective that shows if a noun is specific or non-specific (a, an, the)
conjunction: a word or phrase that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences
interjection: a word or phrase that expresses an emotion or reaction
noun: a word that names something (person, place, thing, idea, or action)
preposition: a word that connects a noun or pronoun to another word by showing direction, location, position, or relation
pronoun: a word that stands for or refers to a noun
verb: a word that shows an action or state of being
- Parts of Speech Overview: Definitions and examples of parts of speech, links to more handouts and exercises on particular parts of speech
- Count and Noncount Nouns: Explanations and examples of the differences between count nouns, which can be counted, and noncount nouns (mass nouns), which cannot
- Verbals: A detailed overview of gerunds, participles, and infinitives (verb forms that act as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs)
- A versus an: An explanation of when to use each indefinite article
- Using articles: An explanation of the difference between the definite article the and the indefinite articles a and an
- The Difference between Adjectives and Adverbs: How to distinguish between (and correctly use) adjectives, which modify nouns or pronouns, and adverbs, which modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs (see also Adjective or Adverb?)
- Adjectives with Countable and Uncountable Nouns: How to use adjectives such as much (with noncount nouns) and many (with count nouns)
- Several pages on prepositions: Prepositions for Time, Place, and Introducing Objects; Prepositions of Direction; Prepositions of Location; Prepositions of Spatial Relationship
Parts of Speech Exercises
The links below are browser-based grammar exercises and quizzes covering parts of speech. More will be added in the near future.